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Where Do The Romance Languages Come From?

All Romance languages are descendants of Vulgar Latin dialects spoken by the common people in the Roman Empire.

Where Do the Romance Languages Come From?

The root of the word “romance” goes back to the Latin rōmānicus, which meant “Roman.” The language of Rome was Latin, and all of the Romance languages are descended from Vulgar Latin.

Like “Romance,” the word “Vulgar” here doesn’t mean what you’d normally think when you hear “vulgar.” It comes from the Latin vulgus, meaning “common people,” and so Vulgar Latin refers to the many dialects of Latin spoken by regular people.

Because of the expansiveness of the Roman Empire, Vulgar Latin was spoken all across Europe in the first few centuries CE. While the governmental empire began to collapse in the 5th century, the language was still spread all around the continent. As the communities started to close off from each other and individual kingdoms sprang up, the languages drifted apart and started sounding more distinct.

The languages spread even further apart with the various colonial empires, bringing French, Spanish, and Portuguese to North and South America. All the branches of the Romance language tree split off according to the shifting geopolitical order.

Chart of Romance languages
Chart of Romance languages

How Similar Are The Romance Languages?

Depending on which Romance language you learn, you may have an easier or harder time understanding other Romance languages. Part of that has to do with the linguistic “distance” between various languages.

Learning Brazilian Portuguese, for example, will prepare you to understand the Portuguese spoken in Portugal, despite there being some differences between the two.

French and Spanish are more clearly different, but there’s still enough mutual intelligibility that a French speaker and a Spanish speaker could probably have a rudimentary conversation.

Photo Credits:

  • Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=589883
  • By Original: Koryakov Yuri Vector: Mrmw – Own work based on: Romance-lg-classification-en.png:, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=61617379
  • By Lalupa – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1739829


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